伊塔洛·卡尔维诺（Italo Calvino, 1923—1985）是二十世纪后期最伟大的作家之一。 他主要作品有小说《分成两半的子爵》《树上的男爵》《不存在的骑士》等。卡尔维诺于1985年被提名为诺贝尔文学奖获奖者，却因于当年猝然去世而与该奖失之交臂。但其人其作早已在意大利文学界乃至世界文学界产生巨大影响。他无疑是世界上最著名的翻译作家，以至于他代表着意大利作家。 他写了许多讲述战争和抵抗运动的小说，但在他生命的最后十年中，他还写了许多实验小说。 伊塔洛·卡尔维诺也对戏剧，电影，音乐，漫画和艺术世界感兴趣。
Italo Calvino (1923 -- 1985) was one of the greatest writers of the late twentieth century. His best known works include novels such as "The Cloven Viscount”, “The Baron in the Trees”, and "The Nonexistent Knight”. Italo Calvino was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature Award in 1985, but he missed it because of his sudden death. However, his works have already exerted a great influence on the Italian and even in the world literary circles. He is for sure the most famous writer in the world and the most translated one, so much so that he represents all Italian writers. He wrote many novels about war and the Italian Resistance, but in the last decade of his life he also wrote many experimental novels. Italo Calvino was also interested in the theatre, cinema, music and art.
In early November 1959, at 36 years old, Italo Calvino, set off for the United States under a grant from the Ford Foundation for Young European Writers. As has been his habit for a long time, Italo Calvino has always sought to gain a deeper understanding of things, from an anthropological and cybernetic point of view, such as the functioning of the American social system; But during his stay, he also completed the mission of Einaudi Press (second largest Italian publisher on the trade market), which introduced the works of J. D. Salinger, Bernard Malamud, Saul Bellow and other American writers to Italy. He turned his travels into long letters to Turin (The Einaudi publishing house was established in Turin in 1933), between the diaries and the non-fiction novel, some of which became part of a weekly series. “An Optimist in America” (Yilin Press, May 2018) is is his travel diary.
Italo Calvino has also been well received in China, where he is well known. For the young people, Italo Calvino is easy to read, or at least it’s easier than reading “Ulysses” and “Gravity’s Raibow” for “Ulysses” and “Gravity’s Rainbow”. And his images are so obvious that many writers are easily influenced by him. The most popular books in China are the “Invisible Cities”, “The Complete Cosmicomics”, “The Castle of Crossed Destinies”, and “Our ancestors". Some of his work is slightly repetitive, but every one of his films has a breakthrough, and are amazing. “If on a winter's night a traveler” is a super high reading experience.
The obituaries of Calvino published in the U.S. News were hasty and pale, but surprisingly, those on Time and Newsweek were not as bad, although one referred to him as “Surrealist” and the other one as a “Visionary”; but he was a veritable realist who thought that “creativity can only be born from stylistic solidity: imagination is like jam; you must spread it on a solid slice of bread, if you don’t, it doesn’t have a shape of its own, like jam, and you can’t make anything out of it”.
Europe saw Italo Calvino’s death as a cultural disaster. A literary critic wrote a long article for this in mourning and every day for two weeks in Italy, the hospital issued a public announcement of the condition of the writer. The country was united by a common sense of respect: This great writer and his fairy tales not only enter in the hearts of young children, also adults who read them get touched.
卡尔维诺的世界，不同于我们生活的世界。那里是更理想、更值得追随的世界。Reading Italo Calvino’s novels, you will feel a completely different reading experience. In his world, wisdom and fun are the primary standards. There is no heaviness and boringness in real life, but a kind of lightness, dexterity and graceful creativity without lack of depth. As you read, your own imagination will burst out involuntarily.
Italo Calvino’s world is different from the world we live in. It’s a better more worthy world to follow.